Cholesterol - Animated Medical Dictionary

1 hrs    

Video - 87    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Cholesterol, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, is a comprehensive reference source for the definition of terms related to cholesterol. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 87 related terms and definitions.

Chapter

Cholesterol - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Adipose tissue

    Adipose tissue is a loose connective tissue that stores cellular fat.

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  • Advanced lipid testing

    Advanced lipid testing measures the lipoprotein particles that carry cholesterol in the body such as apo B and apo A1. It also measures the cholesterol content of subclasses of the major lipoprotein classes; size and number of lipoprotein particles in the various subclasses; and other lipoprotein species such as Lp(a). Advanced lipid testing is used to assess the risk of coronary heart diseases

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  • Alagille syndrome

    Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects heart, liver, skeleton, eyes and kidneys. Liver damage is caused by the abnormalities in bile duct due to which bile accumulated in the liver. This damages liver and hampers its functioning. People with Alagille syndrome have characteristic facial features including broad forehead, deep-set eyes and a pointed chin. Yellowing of skin and white part of the eye, itchy skin and xanthomas (cholesterol deposition in skin) are the symptoms of liver damage in Alagille syndrome.

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  • Angina

    Angina or angina pectoris is chest pain, discomfort or chocking sensation or muscle spasm caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle. This is a symptom of coronary artery disease.

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  • Apolipoprotein

    Apolipoproteins are lipid binding proteins required to maintain the structural integrity of lipoproteins. They form an integral part of the outer shell of lipoproteins or bind to the outside of lipoproteins. They direct the metabolic reactions of lipoproteins with enzymes, lipoprotein receptors and lipid transport proteins. There are five major classes of apolipoproteins – A, B, C, D and E – which are subclassed into A-I, A-II, C-I, C-II, C-III etc, with A-I and B present in highest concentrations. apo A-I and apo B are present on HDL and LDL respectively. Apolipoproteins, especially the ratio of apo B and apo A-I, is considered a significant predictor of coronary heart disease.

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  • Apolipoprotein B

    Apolipoprotein B is the lipoprotein produced in the intestine and liver. It binds with low density lipid (LDL) and transports them to the tissue. It delivers the LDL to the cells by binding with specific cell receptors. Apolipoprotein B is used to measure LDL level in the body because it binds to every molecule of LDL. High Apolipoprotein B levels in the body may progress to plaque which can generate vascular diseases like atherosclerosis which leads to heart diseases.

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  • Apolipoprotein C III

    Apolipoprotein C III (ApoC III) is the lipoprotein found on very low density lipoprotein (VLDL). ApoC III regulates lipoprotein metabolism. It delays the lipolysis of triglycerides (TGL) by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase the enzyme that hydrolyzes TGL and hepatic uptake of TGL. High level of ApoC III is associated with high level of TGL which increases the risk of coronary heart disease.

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  • Arcus cornae

    Arcus corneae, also known as arcus senilis is characterized by a white or grey arc around the iris that eventually forms a complete ring. It results from the fat deposition deep in the edge of the cornea. It is the sign of hypercholesterolemia. Eye problems generated by hypercholesterolemia are uncommon and are found in individuals with familial hyperlipidemia. It is found in individuals above the age of 50.

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  • Atheroma

    Atheroma is the plaque deposition between the endothelium lining and smooth muscle wall of an artery, and consequent swelling that occur in atherosclerosis. The plaque contains macrophage cells, lipids, blood products and calcium.

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  • Atherosclerosis

    Atherosclerosis is a process of hardening and narrowing of blood vessels caused by the slow build-up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in blood on the inside walls of blood vessels to form plaque. Atherosclerosis is the result of high blood cholesterol levels, particularly LDL or bad cholesterol. Other factors that can lead to the onset and development of atherosclerosis include high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking

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