Diabetes - Animated Medical Dictionary

1 hrs    

Video - 75    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Diabetes, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, fills that void quite effectively. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 75 Diabetology related terms and definitions.

Chapter

Diabetes - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Adipose tissue

    Adipose tissue is a loose connective tissue that stores cellular fat.

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  • Adrenal glands

    Adrenal glands or suprarenal glandsare two triangular endocrine glandslocated one on top of each kidney.

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  • Adrenaline

    Adrenaline, also called epinephrine, is a hormone synthesized in the adrenal medulla within the adrenal gland and secreted in response to stress and stimulates autonomic nerve action. This hormone secretion is the part of fight and flight reaction quickening of heart beat, opening of bronchiole is in the lungs ect., which a body as in response to physical or physiological stress.

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  • AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone (ACTH)

    Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and stimulates the growth of the adrenal cortex and the secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal glands. ACTH is released by the pituitary gland in short bursts, for every few hours.

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  • Albumin

    Albumin, synthesized in the liver, is a water soluble protein present in the blood plasma. It contributes to the regulation of osmosis and helps transport fats, hormones, drugs and other substances through the blood.

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  • Alpha cell

    Alpha cells found in the islets of Langerhans secrete glucagons. They are one of the four categories of hormone secreting cells in the pancreas.

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  • Amylin

    Amylin also known as islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a peptide hormone that is co-secreted with insulin by the pancreatic beta cells. Amylin is found to have multiple physiologic effects and amylin receptors have been identified in a number of tissues. Amylin increases satiety and slows gastric emptying by binding to its receptors in the brain. In healthy individuals, amylin together with insulin suppresses the postprandial glucagon secretion.

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  • Background retinopathy

    Retinopathy is the term refers to non inflammatory damage to the retina of the eye. Background retinopathy occurs due to uncontrolled blood sugar levels and manifests as tiny red dots on the eye called microaneurysms, associated with haemorrhages and hard exudates.

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  • Beta cells

    Beta cell is one of the cell types found in islets of Langerhans that secretes and releases insulin - a hormone responsible for controlling blood glucose levels. Beta cells also release C-peptide and amylin. C-Peptide is a by-product of insulin whose main function is to prevent neuropathy and other symptoms associated with diabetes-induced vascular dysfunction.

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  • Blood glucose meter

    Blood glucose refers to the amount of glucose present in a person's blood. Glucose the main source of energy obtain from the diet is absorbed into the blood and transported to the other cells of the body. Cells cannot utlize glucose without the help of insulin.

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