Pediatrics - Animated Medical Dictionary

2 hrs    

Video - 120    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Pediatrics, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, is a comprehensive reference source for the definition of terms related to the Pediatrics, and the diseases and disorders affecting the children. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 120 related terms and definitions. All the definitions have been graphically described with breathtaking, state of the art 3D animations.

Chapter

Pediatrics - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Acne

    Acne is a common skin condition noted in teenagers which is associated with the formation of pimple or ‘zits’. The term acne is also used to refer to blackheads, whiteheads, and inflamed patches of skin. Acne results due to clogging of the tiny pores present over the skin surface. Hormonal changes noted during puberty often trigger the formation of acne. Other causes can include heredity, oily skin, use of certain oily or greasy cosmetic products, and high levels of sweating. Acne is commonly noted over the face and shoulders, but may also appear over the arms, trunk, buttocks, and legs.

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  • Adenoid hypertrophy

    Adenoid hypertrophy refers to the swelling of the lymphatic tissues (called adenoids) present in the passage between the nose and the back of the throat. It is characterized by mouth breathing, dry mouth, runny nose, and snoring. While it regresses by itself in many, antibiotic therapy or surgical removal may be needed if the symptoms persist for a long time.

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  • AIDS

    AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a disorder which destroys the body’s immune system making it vulnerable to other infections. It is caused by a virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which can spread through blood and body fluids. Infected mothers can transmit the virus to their unborn (through blood) or newborn (through breast milk). Symptoms may not be evident for very long periods and when present, it mainly involves those related to different types of infections. Fever, weakness, and unexplained weight loss can be some of the general symptoms.

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  • Alagille syndrome

    Alagille syndrome is a hereditary condition characterized by the progressive loss of small tubules (known as bile ducts) present in the liver. The bile ducts carry the liquid produced by the liver which contains certain digestive enzymes (bile) to the small intestine. Children with alagille syndrome lose bile ducts which are present within liver. They also suffer the narrowing of bile ducts outside the liver in first year of their life. The lack of these bile ducts leads to accumulation of the bile within the liver. This results in liver cirrhosis in 30–50% of affected children. Such children show symptoms as jaundice, loose stools, and poor growth in first three months. In later period of early childhood persistent jaundice, stunted growth and fatty deposits in skin are observed.

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  • Allergy

    Allergy is a condition which results from overreaction of the body's immune system to substances which are harmless to most individuals. Substances eliciting such reactions are referred to as allergens. Some of the common allergens include dust, pollen, animal dander, spores, certain foods, and medicines. Allergy is associated with symptoms such as rashes, runny nose, itching, and swelling.

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  • Amebiasis

    Amebiasis refers to an intestinal infection caused by microorganism known as Entamoeba histolytica. It belongs to the group of organisms classified as amoeba and hence the name amebiasis. This organism lives within the intestine without resulting in any disorder. However, in some cases, it may invade the walls of the intestine to cause an infection leading to symptoms such as long-term (chronic) diarrhea, inflammation of the intestinal cells and tissues, cramping or fever. The infection can often spread to the liver and other organs. It spreads through contaminated food and water and through close contact.

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  • Anemia

    Anemia is one of the commonest blood cell disorders characterized by a reduction in the number of red blood cells (RBCs). The RBCs carry oxygen with the help of a pigment known as hemoglobin and supplies it to all the cells and tissues in the body. Anemia can occur due to a wide variety of causes ranging from simple infection to severe abnormalities. Basically, anemia results due to excessive destruction of the RBCs, loss of blood or inadequate production of new RBCs. A decrease in the RBC count and subsequent decrease in the oxygen supply can cause numerous symptoms such as dizziness, tiredness, shortness of breath and lack of energy.

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  • Apgar score

    Apgar score is a test performed to quickly asses the health of the newborn in order to determine the need for extra medical or emergency care. The test is based on five factors - activity and muscle tone, pulse, grimace response, appearance and respiration.

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  • Appendicitis

    Appendicitis is the inflammation of a small pouch attached to the large intestine known as appendix. It can become blocked with feces, foreign objects or in rare cases, a mass of cells, resulting in infection and swelling. Pain in the lower right portion of the abdomen is the most common symptom noted in appendicitis. It may be mild initially and may be felt in the region of the belly button. Pain then shifts to the lower right region and worsens over time. Other symptoms can include fever, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.

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  • Asthma

    Asthma is a long term (chronic) disorder of the airways. It is associated with the soreness and swelling of the tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. Such episodes of swelling and soreness called ‘asthma attacks’ are often triggered by substances such as dust, pollen, certain foods, and physical exertion. Asthma attacks are associated with symptoms such as wheezing, difficulty in breathing, chest tightness, and coughing. These may often be severe in the morning and at night. Children have smaller airways than adults making asthma more serious for them.

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