Orthopedics - Animated Medical Dictionary

2 hrs    

Video - 92    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Orthopedics, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, fills that void quite effectively. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 92 Orthopedics related terms and definitions.

Chapter

Orthopedics - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Ankylosing spondylitis

    Ankylosing spondylitis is the chronic inflammation of joints between the vertebrae or between the spine and pelvis. Also known as rheumatoid spondylitis or Marie-Strümpell disease, it is marked by impaired mobility of the spine, pain, stiffness in the hips and lower back. The pain progresses to the upper back, eventually affecting the entire back, resulting in loss of flexibility.

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  • Ankylosis

    Ankylosis is the immobility and stiffness of a joint as a result of fusion due to injury, disease or surgery, resulting in loss of movement.

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  • Arthritis mutilans

    Arthritis mutilans, a rare but often debilitating and destructive form of psoriatic arthritis, affects the small joints of the hands and feet, sometimes affecting the neck and lower back.

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  • Arthrography

    Arthrography or X-Ray of joint's is the X-ray examination of a joint structure after injecting contrast agents. Arthrography is commonly performed to identify the problems with the ligaments, cartilage or tendons, when there is an injury to a joint or if the joints are painful or locked. Arthrography procedure involves X-ray using fluoroscopy and a contrast material usually containing iodine and sometimes supplemented by air. During the procedure contrast material is injected into the joint and the joint space is examined with a fluoroscope and X-rays are taken. The images are then monitored, most often, on a computer screen. This procedure is most often used to study the abnormalities in shoulders, Knee, hip, wrist and ankle.

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  • Arthroplasty

    Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to realign or reconstruct a joint.

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  • Arthroscopic debridement

    A Local anesthetic administered through a small incision and a thin tube, that has a light and a camera and other devices attached to its end, is inserted. The joint is visualized on a TV screen.During lavage, saline is flushed into the joint and the collected blood, fluid or pieces of tissue are flushed out. In debridement however loose fragments of bone or cartilage that are still adhering to the bone surface are scraped out. These procedures can provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation.

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  • Arthroscopy

    Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure, by which surgeons can view the inside of joint, using an instrument called an arthroscope, thereby enabling to diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. Arthroscopic surgery is only performed after a thorough medical history, physical examination, X-rays, and possibly additional tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or CT scan. This procedure is commonly performed to treat joints in the knee, shoulder, ankle and the elbow._x000D_During Anthroscopic procedure a small incision is made in the skin through which a tiny instrument (anthroscope), with small lens is inserted. The antroscope is attached to a miniature television camera which records and displays the inside of the joint on a monitor enabling the surgeon to diagnose and treat the condition.

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  • Arthrosis

    Arthrosis means joint, an area where two bones are attached to help movement of the body parts. It is basically made up of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage. Arthrosis also refers to the chronic degenerative disease of bone joint. Arthrosis of a joint occurs with the degeneration of cartilage which can result in loss of free movement in the joint.

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  • Articular cavity

    The space between the bones in a joint is called the "articular cavity". The capsule, which encloses this cavity, has an inner membrane called the synovium, which secretes a clear, sticky fluid known as the synovial fluid into the space. The synovial fluid along with the cartilage assists in smooth, frictionless movement of joints, as well as nutrition of the cartilage

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  • Asymmetrric arthritis

    Asymmetric arthritis, the mildest form of psoriatic arthritis, affects any joint such as the knee, hip, ankle or wrist. Inflamed joints are often tender and red. When hands and feet are involved, swelling and inflammation in the tendons can cause the fingers and toes to resemble small sausages (dactylitis).

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