Urology - Animated Medical Dictionary

2 hrs    

Video - 95    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Urology, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, is a comprehensive reference source for the definition of terms related to the urinary system, and the genitourinary diseases and disorders. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 95 related terms and definitions.

Chapter

Urology - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Albuminuria

    Albuminuria is a pathological condition where more than normal amounts of albumin are present in the urine. High levels of albumin in the urine may be an indication of kidney disease.

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  • Anuria

    Anuria is the total suppression of urine production caused by acute kidney failure or due to the obstruction of the urinary pathway by stones or tumors. It is diagnosed when there is no urine production. Blood test, radiograph, and ultrasound are used to diagnose the cause of anuria.

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  • Augmentation cystoplasty

    Augmentation cystoplasty, also referred to as augmentation enterocystoplasty or bladder augmentation, is a procedure done to increase bladder capacity. During the procedure, the top part of the bladder is removed and replaced with a detubularized section of the ileum, cecum or ileocecum.

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  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs as a man ages. This triggers physiological changes that lead to urination problems.

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  • Bladder cancer

    Bladder cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the Urinary bladder. Smoking, chemicals and hormonal changes are some risk factors for developing bladder cancer.

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  • Bladder Fistula

    Bladder fistula is an abnormal connection between bladder and other organ, mostly with bowel (enterovesical) or vagina (vesicovaginal). Enterovesical fistulas are caused by Crohn’s disease or bowel cancer whereas vesicovaginal fistula is caused by gynecological surgery. Urinary tract infection and passage of gas through urethra while voiding are the symptoms of bladder fistula. Bladder fistula can be diagnosed by excretory urogram and CT scan.

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  • Bladder outlet obstruction

    Bladder outlet obstruction is a condition where the flow of urine from the urinary bladder to the urethra is blocked. The blockage is at the base of urinary bladder that leads to urethra. It is more common in older men than in women and is caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), tumors or stones of bladder and urethral stricture.

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  • Bladder Prolapse

    Bladder prolapse or cystocele is a condition where the bladder drops or sags into the vagina. It is caused by a weakening of the wall between the vagina and the bladder which can result in urine leakage and incomplete emptying of urine. In some cases, the dropped bladder stretches the urethra and causes leakage of urine during coughing, sneezing, laughing or any actions that put pressure on the bladder. The bladder prolapse is the result of muscle straining that occurs during vaginal birth, weight lifting, or chronic constipation.

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  • Bladder spasm

    Bladder spasm is an involuntary contraction of the bladder muscles that stimulates an urge to urinate, leading to incontinence. Common symptoms of bladder spasm include urinary urgency, increased frequency of urination, and urine leakage, often accompanied by acute spasmodic pain arising from the bladder.

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  • Bladder stones

    Bladder stones are small crystalline masses in the bladder, formed from the minerals, especially calcium, and proteins that naturally occur in urine.

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