Rheumatology - Animated Medical Dictionary

2 hrs    

Video - 97    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of RHEUMATOLOGY is the first ever animated dictionary in the subject. A valuable reference for physicians and students alike, it covers 100 rheumatology related terms and definitions. All the definitions have been graphically described with the help of 3D animations and are accompanied by text definitions.

Chapter

Rheumatology - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Achondroplasia

    Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder in which abnormal growth of bone leads to dwarfism. Main characteristics are shorter limbs, disproportionate body, decreased muscle tone, and prominent forehead. Achondroplasia occurs due to mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3).

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  • Acrolysis

    Acrolysis is extensive resorption of the distal phalanges which is the characterstic feature of a number of osteoarthropathies. Distal phalanges are the terminal limb bones, located at the tip of the digits that is fingers and toes. In this condition, osteoclasts break down phalanges resulting in resorption of calcium from bone and thus cause osteoporosis.

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  • Acrosclerosis

    Acrosclerosis is the stiffness and tightness of the skin in fingers associated with atrophy of soft tissues and osteophorosis of distal phalanges. The changes observed in face, hands and feet. Symptoms include severe pain in fingers, stiffness of finger and often appear in blue color.

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  • Acute rheumatic fever

    Acute rheumatic fever is an autoimmune disease that develops after Streptococcus bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. Clinical manifestations include inflammation of heart called carditis, muscle weakness, jerky involuntary movements, arthritis, skin nodules, and skin rashes called erythema marginatum. Acute rheumatic fever mainly affects children aged 6-15 years.

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  • Adhesive capsulitis

    Adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder is an inflammatory disease that causes pain and stiffness of the shoulder bones which gradually lose their range of motion. Inflammation of the capsule that surrounds the shoulder joint results in frozen shoulder. Shoulder injury, shoulder surgery, cervical disk disease of neck, diabetes, chronic inflammatory arthritis of shoulder increases the risk of developing adhesive capsulitis.

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  • Albers-Schonberg disease

    Albers-Schonberg disease or autosomal dominant osteopetrosis, type II (ADO II) is inherited form of osteopetrosis characterized by increase in bone density due to mutation in ClCN7 chloride channel gene. ADO II is characterized by non-traumatic fractures, especially of long bones, osteoarthritis of the hip, dysfunction of cranial nerves, and mandibular ostomyelitis. The disease leads to increased density of entire skeleton due to damaged bone and cartilage resorption.

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  • Alendronate

    Alendronate is used to prevent and treat osteoporosis especially in women after menopause and in patients who take corticosteroids. Osteoporsis is a condition where the bones become thin, weak and easily breakable. Alendronate increases bone mineral density and reduces the risk of bone fracture. It is available in the form of tablets and solution. It is also recommended for Paget's disease.

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  • Alexander technique

    Alexander technique is a technique that helps to improve postural habits, breathing, balance and co-ordination. This teaches the way of sitting, standing, walking, lying down, lifting, and other daily activities. This technique helps to improve performance, impulse control, relieve stress and tension.

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  • Algometry

    Algometry is the technique to measure pain by the device called algometer. Algometer determines the sensitivity to pain produced by pressure. This helps in diagnosis and prognosis of disease. Algometry is used to measure pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis.

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  • Ankylosing spondylitis

    Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of spine and sacroiliac joints. Chronic inflammation causes pain and stiffness around the spine that leads to the loss of mobility. Intermittent low back pain is the first symptom of the disease followed by fatigue, pain and stiffness that worsen during night. It begins between 20 and 40 years of age and is more likely to affect men than women.

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