Endocrinology - Animated Medical Dictionary

2 hrs    

Video - 96    

The FOCUS Animated Pocket Dictionary of Endocrinology, the first ever animated dictionary in the subject, is a comprehensive reference source for the definition of terms related to the endocrine system and its disorders. A must-have resource for physicians and students who would greatly benefit from this module, it covers 97 related terms and definitions.

Chapter

Endocrinology - Animated Medical Dictionary
  • Acromegaly

    Acromegaly is the disorder characterised by progressive enlargement of the skull, jaw, hands, feet and also of internal organs due to the excessive release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Addison's disease

    Addison's disease is a condition in which the adrenal gland produces less amounts of steroid hormones like glucocorticoids and corticosteroids. The primary reason for reduced production of steroid hormones is damage to adrenal gland which may be due to an autoimmune response, or a result of infections like tuberculosis and HIV. Symptoms of Addison's disease include low blood pressure, which falls even more while standing, hyperpigmentation, loss of appetite, craving for salt, lightheadedness, and syncope.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Adrenal cancer

    Adrenal cancer refers to the tumors present in the adrenal gland. These tumors can be benign or malignant. Adrenal benign tumors, also known as benign adenomas, do not metastasize but can cause hormonal imbalance. The malignant tumors, also known as adrenocortical carcinoma, metastasize to nearby lymph nodes and/or other organs. Adrenal cancer may lead to overproduction of glucocorticoids, corticosteroids and sex hormones. Some of the symptoms observed during adrenal cancer include abdominal pain, excess body hair growth, weight gain, irregular menstrual cycles, and frequent urination.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Adrenal glands

    Adrenal glands or Suprarenal glands are two triangular endocrine glands located one on top of each kidney.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Adrenaline

    Adrenaline, also called epinephrine, is a hormone synthesised in the adrenal medulla within the adrenal gland and secreted in response to stress and stimulates autonomic nerve action. This hormone secretion is part of the ‘fight or flight’ reactions - quickening of heart beat, opening up of bronchioles in the lungs, etc - which a body has in response to physical or psychological stress.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone

    Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and stimulates the growth of the adrenal cortex and the secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal glands. ACTH is released by the pituitary gland in short bursts, for every few hours.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Aldosterone

    Aldosterone is a corticosteroid hormone secreted by the cortex of adrenal glands. This hormone secreted in response to low salt levels, regulates electrolyte and water balance.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer

    Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a cancer of the thyroid gland which progresses rapidly and also invades the surrounding organs like trachea. It occurs in people above 60 years of age. A few of the symptoms observed during the condition include coughing up blood, difficulty in swallowing, change in voice, loud breathing, and a rapid increase in neck size. Anaplastic thyroid cancers are immensely aggressive; and death mostly occurs in less than a year due to damage of important organs in the neck.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Angiotensinogen

    Angiotensinogen is a precursor molecule for angiotensin and is also called as renin substrate. It is an alpha-2-globulin produced by hepatocytes. It is cleaved by renin to form angiotensin-I. Angiotensinogen levels in the plasma are increased by corticosteroids, estrogen, angiotensin-II and thyroid hormones. Regulation is by the production, utilisation and levels of renin. However, elevated levels of angiotensinogen may inhibit normal activity of renin, thus affecting normal blood pressure.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs
  • Angiotensins

    Angiotensins are oligopeptides derived from angiotensinogen, a serum globulin produced by hepatocytes. They are responsible for the constriction of blood vessels that results in an increase of blood pressure. Angiotensins also stimulate the release of aldosterone from the adrenal cortex and promote sodium retention in the distal nephron, which in turn contributes to an increase in blood pressure. There are 4 types of angiotensins – angiotensin-I functions as a precursor for angiotensin-II; angiotensin-II plays an important role in regulating blood pressure; angiotensin-III exhibits vasopressor and aldosterone stimulation effects; and angiotensin-IV is involved in a range of physiological activities, including control of fluid balance and blood.

     ₹ 5.00
     00:01 hrs